*The first few photos are shot in auto for the sake of an example.*
So, let's get started! When you take a picture, you want to show the subject, make it look even more beautiful than it already is. Your eyes see things, or they either just pass over it if you already know what it looks like. It's your job to look at that subject with different eyes. You could take a picture like this...
Half of the photo is covered with my shadow, and the other half is so blurry that it is hard to tell what it is. One thing I try to remember when I'm shooting nature is eye level, eye level, eye level.
This was taken at eye level. You can see the flower. You can actually tell that it's a flower!
Here's a second example...
This is clover. But, you cannot see the clover. If you tell me this is a picture of a clover, I want to see the clover! :)
I love this photo.^^ It shows her face, her body, and her pose. You need to have some variety though.
Like this. It's more posed, but the featues in her face are still first and foremost. When doing portraits, I believe that one of the most important things is variety.
The third thing is creativity.
Sometimes, it might be hard to photograph ordinary objects in a way that looks new. It's how you make familiar objects like trees, grass, even siblings faces stand out that's important.